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last updated: Tue 07/26/16 at 07:03:53 AM by udzura


Build Status

(m)Ruby on Container / helper tools with DSL for your handmade linux containers

Install binary

haconiwa packages are provided via packagecloud.

Available for: CentOS >= 7 / Ubuntu Trusty / Ubuntu Xenial / Debian jessie (which are supported by best effort...)

Other linuxes users can just download binaries from latest:

tar xzf haconiwa-v${VERSION}.x86_64-pc-linux-gnu.tgz
sudo install hacorb hacoirb haconiwa /usr/local/bin
# haconiwa - The MRuby on Container
# commands:
#     run       - run the container
#     attach    - attach to existing container
#     version   - show version
#     revisions - show mgem/mruby revisions which haconiwa bin uses

NOTE: If you'd like using cgroup-related features, install cgroup package such as cgroup-lite (Ubuntu) or cgroup-bin (Debian). If you would not, these installation are not required.


Create the file example.haco:

Haconiwa::Base.define do |config| = "new-haconiwa001" # to be hostname

  config.cgroup["cpu.shares"] = 2048
  config.cgroup["memory.limit_in_bytes"] = "256M"
  config.cgroup["pid.max"] = 1024

  config.add_mount_point "/var/another/root/etc", to: "/var/your_rootfs/etc", readonly: true
  config.add_mount_point "/var/another/root/home", to: "/var/your_rootfs/home"
  config.chroot_to "/var/your_rootfs"

  config.namespace.unshare "ipc"
  config.namespace.unshare "uts"
  config.namespace.unshare "mount"
  config.namespace.unshare "pid"

  config.capabilities.allow :all
  config.capabilities.drop "cap_sys_admin"

Then use haconiwa binary installed with thie gem.

$ haconiwa run example.haco

When you want to attach existing container:

$ haconiwa attach example.haco

Note: attach subcommand allows to set PID(--target) or container name(--name) for dynamic configuration. And attach is not concerned with capabilities which is granted to container. So you can drop or allow specific caps with --drop/--allow.

DSL spec

  • config.resource.set_limit - Set the resource limit of container, using setrlimit
  • config.cgroup - Assign cgroup parameters via []=
  • config.namespace.unshare - Unshare the namespaces like "mount", "ipc" or "pid"
  • config.capabilities.allow - Allow capabilities on container root. Setting parameters other than :all should make this acts as whitelist
  • config.capabilities.drop - Drop capabilities of container root. Default to act as blacklist
  • config.add_mount_point - Add the mount point odf container
  • config.mount_independent_procfs - Mount the independent /proc directory in the container. Useful if "pid" is unshared
  • config.chroot_to - The new chroot root
  • config.uid=/config.gid= - The new container's running uid/gid. groups= is also respected
  • config.add_handler - Define signal handler at supervisor process(not container itself). Available signals are SIGTTIN/SIGTTOU/SIGUSR1/SIGUSR2. See [handler example](./sample/cpu.haco).

You can pick your own parameters for your use case of container. e.g. just using mount namespace unshared, container with common filesystem, limit the cgroups for big resource job and so on.

Please look into [sample](./sample) directory.

Programming the container world by mruby



m =

m.make_private "/"
m.bind_mount "/var/lib/myroot", "/var/lib/haconiwa/root"

Dir.chroot "/var/lib/haconiwa"
Dir.chdir "/"

c = Process.fork {
  m.mount "proc", "/proc", :type => "proc"
  Exec.exec "/bin/sh"
pid, ret = Process.waitpid2 c
puts "Container exited with: #{ret.inspect}"

See dependent gem's READMEs.


  • rake compile will create binaries.
  • rake won't be passed unless you are not on Linux.
  • This project is built upon great mruby-cli. Please browse its README.


Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.


  • [ ] Support setguid
  • [ ] Support rlimits
  • [ ] Haconiwa DSL compiler
  • [ ] netns attachment
  • [ ] More utilities such as ps
  • [ ] Better daemon handling


Haconiwa core is under the GPL v3 License: See [LICENSE](./LICENSE) file.

Bundled libraries (libcap, libcgroup, libargtable and mruby) are licensed by each authors. See LICENSE_* file.

For other mgems' licenses, especially ones which are not bundled by mruby-core, please refer their repository.

Quick install instructions for: